Most of the kids have the tendency to say NO to parents, especially, teenage kids. Everyone would agree that even the most amicable and well-behaving kids will also become challenging to handle. At times they keep throwing tantrums and keep saying NO to everything. Just because they are becoming NAY-SAYERS or Negative-Nancies, doesn’t mean that they are having “oppositional defiant disorder”. This blog aims at discussing various tips to recognize oppositional defiant disorder (ODD) in kids.
What is meant by Oppositional Defiant Disorder?
A strong-willed child or even an emotional child is often mistaken as a child with oppositional defiant disorder. It’s normal for every kid to exhibit some amount of oppositional behavior at some point or the other during their developmental period to parents.
Oppositional defiant disorder (ODD) is a behavioral disorder that develops in two different ways and that too in two different phases in their childhood. Oppositional defiant disorder is not just the normal temper tantrums thrown by the kids.
- Childhood-onset: This type of disorder starts at the earlier stages even as young as toddlers. This requires early intervention and treatment so that the child can lead a normal life in the future.
2. Adolescent – onset: This type of disorder starts suddenly during the middle school or secondary school years. Unless treated, it will affect the studies and career of the kids.
What causes Oppositional Defiant Disorder in Kids?
The researchers are not able to pinpoint the root cause for this disorder in kids. But when the researchers observed the kids having Oppositional Defiant Disorder during their long-drawn studies. They found out the following circumstances lead to the creation of oppositional defiant disorder in kids.
# Biological conditions
- Continuous Exposure to toxins
- Impairment in the brain part which is responsible for reasoning and impulse control
- Poor nutrition
- Genes from parents, who are having one or the mental disorders (like ADD, ADHD, depression, or ODD) or
- The parents who are addicted to substance usage.
# Psychological conditions
- Absent parents (one or either) or the poor relationship with the parents
- Wasn’t aware of various social situations and how to manage them.
- unstable or absent family
What are the symptoms of ODD in a child?
The following are few tips to recognize oppositional defiant disorder. All the kids identified with oppositional defiant disorder might not exhibit all the symptoms to the same extent as given below.
- Anger Issues:
- Having frequent temper tantrums
- losing the temper very easily
- always in an irritable mood
- easily gets frustrated
2. Behavior with Adults and Peers:
- Argues a lot with adults
- Refuses to any requests from the adults
- Always keep questioning the rules and looks out a way to break them
- always on the lookout for ways to annoy others
3. Escaping behavior:
- Constant Lying
- Blames others and situations for their own mistakes
- causes conflicts between others, so that his mistake can be ignored.
4. Vindictive moods:
- Always in a vindictive mood
- tries to harm or self while in the angry mood
- no sense of conscience.
5. Psychological symptoms:
- Persistent negativity
- Not able to make friends easily
- No self-esteem
How to handle kids with Oppositional Defiant Disorder?
It’s very important to get the expert’s intervention at the earliest to recognize the oppositional defiant disorder in kids. Without timely help, it will be very difficult for these kids to lead a happy life in the future. Strict discipline alone wouldn’t be sufficient to mend the ways of these kids. They need continuous CBT (cognitive behavior therapy) and a therapist’s supervision.
Only positive parenting techniques coupled with early treatment can help in improving the child’s behavior. The treatment would also be a long drawn course, during which the child would require complete support from the parents side.
Luckily, now the parents don’t have to deal with this kind of disorder all alone. There are multiple support groups available along with the positive parenting groups, which will provide the required help and support for the parents to sail through this difficult phase. So, as parents, we need to be vigilant of our child’s behavior and get timely help as and when required.